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Ellis Act Eviction in San Francisco (三藩市的埃利斯法案驅逐)

December 6, 2021 Guides & Reports

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Ellis Act and how does it affect me?

The Ellis Act is a state law which allows landlords to evict tenants to “go out of rental business.” It is called a “No Fault Eviction”, where the tenant is evicted through no fault of their own. They may have paid their rent on time and followed the rules, but the landlord still intends to terminate the tenancy.

As the Bay Area housing crisis continues to drive up the market rate for rental units, landlords, speculators and developers are increasingly implementing the Ellis Act to evict tenants living in rent-controlled buildings.

埃利斯法案是什麼?它對我有什麼影響?

埃利斯法案是一項允許房東驅逐租戶並“停止租賃業務”的州法律。它被稱為“無過錯驅逐”,即租戶被驅逐不是因為他們自己的過錯。他們可能按時交了房租,遵守了規定,但房東仍打算終止租賃。

隨著灣區住房危機繼續推高租賃單位的市場利率,有越來越多的房東、投機者和開發商利用埃利斯法案,實施驅逐居住在租金管制建築內的租戶。

What are my rights if I receive an Ellis Act Eviction Notice?

  • For an Ellis eviction, the landlord must evict all the tenants in the building and cannot single out one tenant and/or remove just one unit out of several from the rental market
  • The landlord must file an Ellis Act notice with the San Francisco Rent Board; the landlord must give a minimum of 120 days notice and must give a one year notice for senior and disabled tenants
  • For a period of 5 years, if the unit is re-rented, the rent must be the same as what the evicted tenant was paying, plus any increase allowed under the San Francisco Rent Ordinance
  • For a period of 10 years, if the unit is re-rented, the evicted tenant gets first right to return
  • Re-rental restrictions are binding on current and future owners

如果我收到埃利斯法案驅逐通知,我的權利是什麼?

  • 對於埃利斯法案驅逐,房東必須驅逐大樓中的所有租戶,並且不能從租賃市場中挑選個別租戶和/或移除部分單元
  • 房東必須向三藩市租金委員會提交一份埃利斯法案通知;房東必須提前至少120天發出通知,並提前一年對老年人和殘疾租戶發出通知
  • 在5年期限內,如果單位被重新出租,租金必須與被驅逐租戶支付的租金相同,包括三藩市租金條例允許的增加
  • 在10年期限內,如果該單元被重新出租,被驅逐的租戶將首先獲得歸還的權利
  • 轉租限制對當前和未來的業主具有約束力

I received a warning notice from my landlord to move-out immediately.

Landlords must follow a strict set of rules and legal steps to proceed with an Ellis eviction. They often make mistakes or don’t have a real intention to Ellis your unit, but issue Ellis “advisories” to tenants, as a tactic to pressure tenants to move out immediately and give up their rights under the law. However, these “warnings'' are not legal eviction notices.

Do not panic, you do not have to move. If you move out voluntarily, the re-rental restrictions will not apply to the unit, you will not have the right to return, and your unit will no longer remain affordable for you or other future tenants.

我收到房東的警告通知,要求我立馬搬走。

房東必須遵循一套嚴格的規則和法律步驟進行埃利斯驅逐。對此,他們經常誤解或無法真正實行圖埃利斯驅逐,只是給予口頭上的埃利斯“通知/警告”給租戶,作為一種逼遷戰術,迫使租戶立即搬走,並放棄他們的法律權利。但是,這些“通知/警告”並不是合法的驅逐通知。

不要驚慌,您不需要立馬搬走。因為如果您自願搬走,再租房限制將不適用於該單元,您將無權返回,而且您的單元也因此不再是您或其他未來租戶負擔得起的住房。

What are my options?

  • File a “Tenant Report of Alleged Wrongful Eviction” (Form 519) at the San Francisco Rent Board if your landlord has not given you a legal eviction notice and is threatening you or harassing you
  • Organize with other tenants and fight
  • DO NOT negotiate a buy-out or sign any agreement with the landlord without first talking to a housing rights attorney

我有什麼選擇?

  • 如果您的房東沒有提供一份合法的驅逐通知,並且威脅您或騷擾您,您可向三藩市租房委員會提交一份“房客非法驅逐投訴”(表格519)
  • 與其他租戶一起組織和挑戰房東的驅逐
  • 在未經房屋權利律師的建議前,千萬不要與房東協商買斷或簽署任何協議