Voting Rights and Census


We believe in expanding and protecting the voting rights of AAPI communities and all immigrant communities, to ensure full participation of all eligible voters in the electoral process. Many immigrants still face unnecessary barriers to the ballot. Discrimination rarely manifests overtly in California elections today, unlike voting problems seen in other states, but there are many ways that discrimination still plays an unseen hand in preventing Asian Americans, immigrant communities, and limited-English speaking voters from receiving full and equal access to the democratic process. 



Full participation in the census is critically important for our communities. An accurate count in the 2020 Census will ensure fair apportionment of federal resources and congressional representation and will be instrumental in the successful enforcement of voting rights statutes.

In 2018-2020, Advancing Justice – ALC will be working with networks throughout the Bay Area and the state to ensure that our communities’ participation is not jeopardized by the climate of fear created by the Trump Administration, by language barriers and the digital divide, and by underfunding. Our primary goal is to provide essential legal, policy, and technical expertise to community-based organizations doing Get-Out-the-Count work in immigrant communities and other hard-to-count communities. 

In response to questions and concerns raised by community partners, Advancing Justice – ALC has prepared factsheets regarding census confidentiality and the importance of census participation. A shorter community-focused factsheet is available here, and a more detailed factsheet for community-based organizations is available here

Additional resources about Census 2020 are available at, a project of the Advancing Justice affiliation. 

The Trump Administration’s failed attempt to add a question about citizenship to the 2020 census has raised additional concerns among immigrant communities. A policy brief is available here for community leaders and advocates who want additional information about the failed citizenship question and the Administration’s plans to collect citizenship data through administrative records.

In 2010, Advancing Justice – ALC partnered with a network of SF-based organizations to ensure that Hard to Count communities in San Francisco responded to the census questionnaire.


Redistricting/Districting Advocacy and Lawsuits

Moving local government jurisdictions from at-large election systems to district election systems and other alternative election systems is a well-known way to increase representation and diversity in local governing bodies.

CVRA claim in the City of Sunnyvale

In 2018, Advancing Justice – ALC joined nonprofit organization Asian Law Alliance and the civil rights law firm Goldstein, Borgen, Dardarian & Ho in sending a notice letter to the City of Sunnyvale, CA, alleging that the City’s at-large election system with numbered posts dilutes the voting power of Asian American voters, in violation of the California Voting Rights Act (CVRA). The letter was sent on behalf of four Asian American voters who are residents of Sunnyvale.

The City of Sunnyvale is 45 percent Asian American and 18 percent Latino, but very few Asian Americans or Latinos have ever served on the City Council. Currently, the Council has one Asian American member and zero Latino members. The residents who have filed the notice letter with the City seek a district election system that will ensure all neighborhoods and communities in Sunnyvale are represented on City Council and will lower barriers to running for office for community-backed candidates, low-income candidates, candidates of color, and others.

The City has agreed to place a measure on the March 2020 ballot allowing the voters of Sunnyvale to decide whether the City should shift to a district election system. The drawing of a district map, to be used if the measure passes, will occur over the second half of 2019.

Supporting Communities Undergoing a Shift to District Elections

Advancing Justice – ALC has supported communities of color and other disenfranchised communities in several jurisdictions undergoing shifts to district elections, even where those shifts did not occur because of a threat of litigation from Advancing Justice – ALC. In the cities of Redwood City, Vallejo, Fremont, and elsewhere, we have provided legal and technical support to community leaders and organizations, explaining how to fight for their interests in a shift to district elections and helping maximize public participation.

Click here for Advancing Justice – ALC’s Guide to Best Practices in Districting.

Advancing Justice – ALC also has a Guide to Districting Law that is available upon request.

Decennial Redistricting

Every ten years, political boundaries must be redrawn to adjust for population changes.  It is a complex process and many Californians do not or are unable to provide input on how the boundaries should be drawn. We intend to change that.

Redistricting is especially important for communities of color, because redistricting has historically been used to keep them from power (often known as racial gerrymandering). How and where districts are drawn will often determine if a community can elect representatives of their choice to sit on local school boards, on city councils, in state legislatures, and in Congress. Whether a community is kept whole or split apart by district lines will also determine whether elected officials respond to that community’s needs.

Following the 2010 decennial census, Advancing Justice – ALC participated in a statewide effort with the Coalition of Asian Pacific Americans for Fair Redistricting (CAPAFR) to empower Asian American communities in state and local redistricting. Among other activities, Advancing Justice – ALC brought together diverse communities in Northern California to testify before the California Citizens Redistricting Commission, keeping Daly City whole (instead of split into two legislative districts as was the case in 2001) and ensuring that the Excelsior and Visitacion Valley areas of San Francisco were united with the Bayview, SOMA, and Chinatown in the same Assembly district.

In the 2019 California legislative session, Advancing Justice – ALC is working with a coalition of voting rights advocates on AB 849 (Bonta), a bill that would reform how local redistricting is governed under state law, with the goal of modernizing timelines for local redistricting, ensuring public participation in local redistricting, and putting guidelines in place that local jurisdictions must follow when drawing lines, to reduce the possibility of gerrymandering.

Following the 2020 decennial census, Advancing Justice – ALC will again work to empower Asian American communities in state and local redistricting. That starts with encouraging members of our communities to serve on the second iteration of the California Citizens Redistricting Commission, which will commence its work in mid-2021. Please click here for a fact sheet on how to apply to be a commissioner, and feel free to contact us with questions. The application period opens in June 2019.

Satorre v. San Mateo

In 2011, Advancing Justice – ALC joined as co-counsel with the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights and the firm Arnold & Porter in a lawsuit against the County of San Mateo alleging claims under the California Voting Rights Act. San Mateo was the only county remaining in the state that still used an at-large voting system for County Supervisor seats, which had the effect of diluting minority vote. Over the preceding two decades, the Asian American and Latino communities had grown tremendously but Asian Americans and Latinos had been unable to win Supervisor seats.

The lawsuit successfully brought a CVRA claim against the County, replacing the at-large election system with a by-district election system that increased access to power for communities of color and included a majority-minority Asian American district.


Know Your Voting Rights Materials

During each election season, the Voting Rights Program prepares a wide range of voting rights and voter engagement resources. In 2018, these included a Know Your Voting Rights fact sheet, a language-access-in-voting fact sheet, a voter education presentation meant for first-time and infrequent voters, a voter registration training, and sample social media. In 2018, these resources are available in up to 12 languages. They were produced with the generous support of the Silicon Valley Community Foundation. For those interested in viewing our 2018 resources, please click here.


Poll Monitoring

As the state with the most immigrant voters and the most limited-English proficient (LEP) voters in the nation, California has an obligation to be on the cutting edge of ensuring access to the ballot for diverse communities. One way we protect that access is by operating poll monitoring programs (also known as election observing) during most major California elections. Our poll monitor volunteers visit polling places across Northern California and the Central Valley to ensure that: voters receive the language assistance they are guaranteed under both federal and state law, voters are not being intimidated or harassed when voting, polling places are accessible to people with disabilities, and more.

In the June 2018 and November 2018 elections, we specifically monitored for compliance with the recently passed California Voting for All Act (AB 918, Bonta), which was sponsored by Asian Americans Advancing Justice – California and significantly expanded language access at the polls. In November 2016, we operated the largest field poll monitoring program in the nation. See below for more info.


“Voices of Democracy” Report and the California Voting for All Act (AB 918)

“Voices of Democracy” is the most comprehensive examination ever undertaken of the language assistance available to California’s limited-English proficient voters. It is based on the findings of the nation’s largest field poll monitoring effort in the November 2016 elections, in which 576 volunteers organized by Advancing Justice – ALC and our sister organization Advancing Justice – LA (along with partner organizations!) visited almost 1,300 polling places across California to determine compliance with federal and state language access laws.

“Voices of Democracy: The State of Language Access in California’s 2016 Elections.”

Report results are available in infographic form here.

The report’s findings show that the provisions of California state law that at that time were supposed to guarantee translated ballot materials and bilingual poll workers to LEP voters were both not strong enough and not consistently complied with. The report helped set the stage for the California Voting for All Act (AB 918, Bonta), which Advancing Justice – ALC and Advancing Justice – LA sponsored. The California Voting for All Act was passed in 2017 and, if implemented properly, will solve many of the problems highlighted in the “Voices of Democracy” report. It is the strongest state-level language-access-in-elections law in the nation. You can see a fact sheet about AB 918 here.

Advancing Justice – ALC previously monitored hundreds of poll sites in the 2010 and 2012 elections in Bay Area counties and Sacramento County. Our 2012 findings were released in the Section 203 Voices of Democracy 2012 report produced by the Asian Americans Advancing Justice affiliation.


Other Projects

The voting rights program also:

  • Worked with elections offices and community leaders in San Mateo and Napa Counties on the implementation of the Voter’s Choice Act in 2018, and worked with a statewide network of voting rights and civic engagement groups on the same. We will replicate that work in Santa Clara County in 2020.
  • Helped lead the California Student Votes Project, which expanded access to voter registration for students at the state’s three public higher education systems in the 2018 election cycle.
  • Partnered with San Francisco community organizations and the county elections office on the implementation on Prop N, which allows noncitizen parents to vote in San Francisco school elections.
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